The Maldives is a popular tourist destination with its picturesque environment, pristine beaches, tropical coral reefs and white sand country. The country of 1,200 islands could disappear within a century if immediate action is not taken to address the effects of climate change. About five and a half people live on its 179 islands. The lowest country in the world is at the forefront of the risk of climate change.
On Monday, the first day of the speech of the world leaders at the COP 26 conference, the President of the country Ibrahim Mohammed Salih expressed that helplessness in an emotional voice. “One by one, the sea is eating away at all our islands,” he said. If we do not take action now, the Maldives will be lost by the end of this century. ‘ We hope the world will unite and take action. ”
Azim Mustag, a marine scientist from the Small Island Research Group in Male, the capital of the Maldives, is observing the coral reefs of the islands. As he reported, his results are worrying. Most of the coral reefs are dying যা which is very bad news for Maldivians. Coral reefs are not only an essential part of the entire marine ecosystem, they also protect the island’s coastline. He says this coral wall is the basis of life in the Maldives. An intergovernmental panel on climate change released earlier this year says we cannot survive if the world does not reduce carbon emissions rapidly and drastically.
To mitigate the worst effects of the climate crisis, global warming needs to be limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius. This requires supporting the adaptation needs of small island states and weaker countries. This requires urgent action. Relying on significant technical and financial support, the Maldives is committed to achieving carbon-free emissions by 2030. The Maldives is the first developer to use the chemical compound HCFC (hydrochlorofluorocarbon) in the manufacture of refrigeration and air conditioners. The Maldivian government has started implementing a single-use plastic phase-out plan this year. No matter how many steps the Maldives take to survive on their own, none of them will be able to stop them from disappearing into the sea. This requires global joint action. Cop26 must achieve a target of 1.5 degrees Celsius to save the planet. At the same time, developing countries need to acquire the mentality of paying incentives to take steps to tackle climate change. Climate-related concerns are at an all-time high. In addition to epidemics, the world media has been flooded with reports of wildfires, loss of biodiversity, floods and droughts. This means that climate-related conflicts and migration are on the rise. There is no time left for discussion. Decisions must come from the COP 28 conference – ambitious budgets and plans to save the planet.
The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami devastated the Muslim-majority state. The damage was estimated at ৭ 480 million. As a result, the country is facing a financial loss of 72% of the total GDP. The tsunami damaged many facilities, including the Maldives’ only international airport. Today, public opinion against climate change has developed all over the world. The Maldives is no exception, especially as the country is known to be the strongest voice on the issue.
Climate change is raising sea levels. According to the Maldives, sea level has risen by three to four millimeters in the last three years. The country’s state minister for environment, Dr Abdullah Nasir, expressed concern that people on the island may have to move to another island. Even people in the Maldives could face natural death. But the people of the country have a right to life.