The Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) is pleased to announce that Khao Sok National Park has been designated as the 50th ASEAN Heritage Park (AHP) bringing the numbers of the ASEAN Heritage Parks in Thailand to seven in total.
Well-known for its unique landscape of limestone cliffs towering up from a reflecting reservoir, Khao Sok National Park features a rugged mountain range with a small plain. The beautiful nature and abundant wildlife make the Park a worthwhile visit. It became established in 1980 as Thailand’s 22nd national park and covers a total 738.74 square kilometres in Phanom and Ban Takhun districts of Surat Thani.
According to the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB), wildlife species thriving in the park include the vulnerable species Mainland Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis) and the endangered Malay Tapir (Tapirus indicus), as well as the largest flower Rafflesia Kerrii Meijer and the endemic flowering plant species Khaosokia caricoides. Khao Sok is adjacent to the Ratchaprapha Dam that generates power supply to its surrounding communities.
Khao Sok National Park is the seventh AHP in Thailand. Other AHPs are Khao Yai National Park (also a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Tarutao National Park, Mu Ko Surin-Mu Ko Similan-Ao Phang-nga National Parks Complex, Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex, Hat Chao Mai National Park and Mu Ko Libong Non-hunting Area, and Mu Ko Ang Thong National Park.
The ACB, as the Secretariat of the AHP Programme, facilitates the rigorous evaluation process of the nominated protected areas to be declared as an AHP.
The evaluation of Khao Sok National Park took place in October 2020, led by Mr. Robert Mather, technical assistance team leader of the Biodiversity Conservation and Management of Protected Areas in ASEAN (BCAMP) Project, together with two Thai evaluators Dr. Dachanee Emphandhu, and Dr. Petch Manopawitr.
The environment ministers of the ASEAN approved the nomination of Khao Sok National Park as the 50th ASEAN Heritage Park as endorsed and recommended virtually by the 31st Meeting of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Environment (ASOEN) and the 22nd Meeting of the Governing Board of the ACB, with Vietnam as host, on 24-25 November, 2020.
About the ASEAN Heritage Parks
The ASEAN Heritage Parks are defined as “protected areas of high conservation importance that together, preserve a complete spectrum of ecosystems representative of the ASEAN region”. The objective of this recognition is to create greater awareness, pride, appreciation, enjoyment and conservation of the ASEAN heritage through the establishment and support of the local network in the reserved regions, and to establish collaboration between the member countries in preserving the nature.
The protected areas to be announced as ASEAN Heritage Parks will be nominated by the government of each country and be evaluated by the ASEAN member countries. The criteria are” its ecosystem must be abundant, be representative of the region, well-reserved, highly important in terms of preservation, clear boundary of the borders, unique, and important for biodiversity culturally and biologically.